Propecia 5 mg contains finasteride as the active ingredient which acts as alpha-reductase inhibitors that prevent the alteration of the male hormone testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the body. The generic name for Propecia is Finasteride which is a prescription drug. The Propecia drug is available as an oral tablet. Propecia 5mg is generally beneficial for male pattern hair loss treatment and for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. It is important to use Propecia regularly to get a complete benefit. This propecia drug may alter the results of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, which is performed to detect prostate cancer. Hence, it is necessary to inform your doctors if you are using this medicine. Regular blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects. The propecia drug may take up to 6 months to see the full result. Though the propecia medicine will not cure BPH completely, but it does help to reduce the size of the enlarged prostate and improve symptoms.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Informally BPH is known as an enlarged prostate. The prostate gland is surrounded by the urethra, which is basically a small tube that carries urine out of the reservoir known as bladder. As the prostate grows bigger, it may squeeze or partially block the urethra. This actually causes problems with urinating. BPH occurs in men as the process of ageing progress. BPH is not cancer. An enlarged prostate is not a severe problem but it can create a irritation. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a part of the aging process in men that occurs due to hormonal imbalance and change in cell growth. Some of the common signs and symptoms associated with BPH are difficulty while urinating, frequent urge to urinate, interrupted urination, urine retention and decreased urinary output.
Mechanism of Action of Propecia in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia
Abnormal growth of the prostate is due to the presence of hormones and growth factors. The male hormone testosterone which is converted within the prostate into its more active metabolite form called dihydrotestosterone (DHT). By inhibiting the enzyme action, such that stopping the conversion of testosterone to DHT, propecia lowers serum as well as intraprostatic DHT levels. This is done by blocking an enzyme called 5-alpha reductase. Dihydrotestosterone or DHT is partially answerable for enlarged prostate. Hence, a reduced dihydrotestosterone level in the prostate results in the shrinkage of the gland. This helps you to pass urine more easily. Alpha-reductase inhibitors such as Propecia can stop the prostate from growing further. This propecia medicine works better in the men with enlarged prostate. Propecia pills reduce the risk of urinary retention and the need for surgery. The majority of men see an improvement within six months of starting propecia hair-loss treatment. Although the propecia drug causes some adverse effects as such as body chills, delusions, dizziness, swelling of body parts, hives, sudden weight gain or weight loss, skin problem, tingling of limbs and abdominal pain, it is one of the best in class budget friendly drug available in the market.